Soap

From Thingpedia

What is it??

Soap is the product of a chemical process called saponification, which occurs when acids in the form of animal or vegetable fats are combined with lye (a solution of sodium hydroxide and water) and produce a mixture of soap and glycerin. In layman terms, this is a slippery substance that creates lots of bubbles. Soap is not to be confused with "beauty bars" or "deodorant bars", which do not contain lye.

Ingredients needed for hand-milled soap

  • Base soaps (which must be white, unscented, and not a detergent)
  • Oils (e.g. almond oil, baby oil, castor oil, cocoa butter, coconut oil, olive oil, palm oil, safflower oil, sunflower oil, Vitamin E oil)
  • Fragrances (e.g. essential oils per your preference)
  • Colorants (e.g. natural powders, candle dyes, soap dyes, food coloring)
  • Additives (e.g. lavender, sage, rose, mint, any other botanicals that are not poisonous or olfactorily unpleasant)

Equipment needed for hand-milled soap

  • Glass mixing bowls
  • Heat resistant glass measuring bowls
  • Large saucepan
  • Glass measuring cups
  • Measuring spoons
  • Glass droppers
  • Hand grater
  • Food processor (optional) (please note: soap is not for eating)
  • Electric spice and coffee grinder
  • Wooden spoons (made of wood.)
  • Drying rack
  • Sharp knife
  • Small plastic funnel
  • Soap molds (for shaping the soap, not the green fuzzy stuff you find on your bread after returning home from an eight-week vacation)